Warnings and Precautions
Cytokine Release Syndrome (CRS)
LUNSUMIO can cause CRS, including serious or life-threatening reactions.
CRS occurred in 39% of patients who received LUNSUMIO at the recommended dose in the clinical trial, with Grade 1 CRS occurring in 28%, Grade 2 in 15%, Grade 3 in 2%, and Grade 4 in 0.5% of patients. Recurrent CRS occurred in 11% of patients. Most patients experienced CRS following doses of 1 mg on Cycle 1 Day 1 (15%), 2 mg on Cycle 1 Day 8 (5%), and 60 mg on Cycle 1 Day 15 (33%). Five percent of patients experienced CRS after receiving 60 mg on Cycle 2 Day 1 with 1% of patients experiencing CRS following subsequent doses of LUNSUMIO.
The median time to onset of CRS from the start of administration in Cycle 1 Day 1 was 5 hours (range: 1 hour to 3 days), Cycle 1 Day 8 was 28 hours (range: 5 hours to 3 days), Cycle 1 Day 15 was 25 hours (range: 0.1 hours to 16 days), and Cycle 2 Day 1 was 46 hours (range: 12 hours to 3 days). The median duration of CRS was 3 days (range: 1 to 29 days).
Clinical signs and symptoms of CRS included, but were not limited to, fever, chills, hypotension, tachycardia, hypoxia, and headache. Concurrent neurologic adverse reactions occurred in 6% of patients and included, but were not limited to, headache, confusional state, and anxiety. Initiate therapy according to LUNSUMIO step-up dosing schedule to reduce the risk of CRS. Administer pretreatment medications to reduce the risk of CRS, ensure adequate hydration, and monitor patients following administration of LUNSUMIO accordingly.
At the first sign of CRS, immediately evaluate patients for hospitalization, manage per current practice guidelines, and administer supportive care; withhold or permanently discontinue LUNSUMIO based on severity.
Patients who experience CRS (or other adverse reactions that impair consciousness) should be evaluated and advised not to drive and to refrain from operating heavy or potentially dangerous machinery until resolution.
LUNSUMIO can cause serious neurologic toxicity, including Immune Effector Cell-Associated Neurotoxicity Syndrome (ICANS).
Neurologic toxicity occurred in 39% of patients who received LUNSUMIO at the recommended dose in the clinical trial, with Grade 3 neurologic toxicity occurring in 3% of patients. The most frequent neurologic toxicities were headache (21%), peripheral neuropathy (13%), dizziness (11%), and mental status changes (6%, including confusional state, disturbance in attention, cognitive disorder, delirium, encephalopathy, and somnolence). ICANS was reported in 1% of patients (Grade 1: 0.5%, Grade 2: 0.5%) who received LUNSUMIO at the recommended dose in the clinical trial.
Coadministration of LUNSUMIO with other products that cause dizziness or mental status changes may increase the risk of neurologic toxicity.
Monitor patients for signs and symptoms of neurologic toxicity during treatment. At the first sign of neurologic toxicity, including ICANS, immediately evaluate the patient, consider neurology evaluation as appropriate, and provide supportive therapy based on severity; withhold or permanently discontinue LUNSUMIO based on severity and follow management recommendations.
Patients who experience neurologic toxicity such as tremors, dizziness, insomnia, severe neurotoxicity, or any other adverse reactions that impair consciousness should be evaluated, including potential neurology evaluation, and patients at increased risk should be advised not to drive and to refrain from operating heavy or potentially dangerous machinery until resolution.
LUNSUMIO can cause serious or fatal infections. Among patients who received LUNSUMIO at the recommended dose in the clinical trial, serious infections, including opportunistic infections, occurred in 17%, with Grade 3 or 4 infections in 14%, and fatal infections in 0.9% of patients. The most common Grade 3 or greater infections were pneumonia, sepsis, and upper respiratory tract infection.
Monitor patients for signs and symptoms of infection prior to and during treatment with LUNSUMIO and treat appropriately. LUNSUMIO should not be administered in the presence of active infection. Caution should be exercised when considering the use of LUNSUMIO in patients with a history of recurring or chronic infections (e.g., chronic, active Epstein-Barr Virus), with underlying conditions that may predispose to infections or who have had significant prior immunosuppressive treatment. Administer prophylactic antimicrobials according to guidelines. Withhold LUNSUMIO or consider permanent discontinuation of LUNSUMIO based on severity.
LUNSUMIO can cause serious or severe cytopenias, including neutropenia, anemia, and thrombocytopenia. Among patients who received the recommended dosage in the clinical trial, Grade 3 or 4 decreased neutrophils occurred in 38%, decreased hemoglobin in 19%, and decreased platelets in 12% of patients. Grade 4 decreased neutrophils occurred in 19% and decreased platelets in 5% of patients. Febrile neutropenia occurred in 2%.
Monitor complete blood counts throughout treatment. Based on the severity of cytopenias, temporarily withhold, or permanently discontinue LUNSUMIO. Consider prophylactic granulocyte colony-stimulating factor administration as applicable.
LUNSUMIO can cause serious or severe tumor flare. Among patients who received LUNSUMIO at the recommended dosage in the clinical trial, tumor flare occurred in 4% of patients. Manifestations included new or worsening pleural effusions, localized pain and swelling at the sites of lymphoma lesions, and tumor inflammation.
Patients with bulky tumors or disease located in close proximity to airways or a vital organ should be monitored closely during initial therapy. Monitor for signs and symptoms of compression or obstruction due to mass effect secondary to tumor flare. If compression or obstruction develops, institute standard treatment of these complications.
Based on its mechanism of action, LUNSUMIO may cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to the fetus. Verify pregnancy status in females of reproductive potential prior to initiating LUNSUMIO. Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with LUNSUMIO and for 3 months after the last dose.